Mohawk Valley Fine Arts

Fine Works
Sale List & Philosophy
The Making of a Painting.
Objections: Commercialized Art
Museum Fundraiser
Sundry Examples
'Deerfield Massacre': John M
NE OH Native Town & Trail Map
Local Flora and Fauna
Herbal Gardens
'Woodcut' Block-Prints
Ohio Chieftains
Advent Calendars: Holiday
Greeting Cards
Ohio Grist Mills (& W. Penn)
Lanterman's Mill
Historic Ohio Folk Art
Ohio Wildlife Art
Local Touring Map
Totemic Garden Poles
Friends of the Gallery
In Praise of Folly: FAQ
Ohio Thanksgivings (UC)
Mohawk Valley Limburger Cheese
Leathercraft Hardware Guide
Chester Bedell, Grave
Political Cartoons.
Month's Cartoon: "Occupation W St."
Public Notices: Archives
Berlin Township, Mahoning
Addendum: Literature



                        MOHAWK VALLEY FINE ARTS


                                         ...OHIO & NATIVE HISTORY IN FINE ART

                                                            "They [the Iroquois] had moved west

                                                                      in such numbers that by 1750 the center

                                                                      of Indian population had shifted from the

                                                                      Mohawk Valley to the Ohio."

      -- John Tebbel & Keith Jennison,

    The American Indian Wars.

New York: Harper, 1960.

In the early days of the "Ohio" (O-hee-yo) Territory, the incoming pioneer trailblazed a world

replete with groves of Maple-wood, stands of Hickory, forests of White-Pine, Chestnut and



Near the "Beautiful River" and its tributaries, he witnessed herds of grazing bison, deer, and elk.

Deep within the woodlands, he sighted an occasional black bear, mountain lion, pack of roving

 wolves, or a lone eagle in the skies. Occasionally, he might sight smoke rising from fires of nearby

"Indian"  camps.


In celebration of the natal "frontier,"  early Ohio's primal roots-- we proudly showcase Mohawk

Valley Fine Arts-- Studio, Gallery, and Gifts.


Mohawk Valley Fine Arts is the personal Art Gallery & Studio of Artist Joseph E.Donnelly.

As a unique "art center," it exhibits Donnelly's original oil paintings, highlighting the Native

History & Culture of Ohio-- including the European "contact period."


The Gallery also specifically hallmarks the influence of the Iroquois in Ohio-- their numerous 

seasonal "thanksgivings" (e.g., Danondinon'yo, Gana'yasta', Wa'da Tadinion'ni'); their NE

Ohio presence along well-known riverways and trails;  and their famous chieftains,  i.e. Joseph

Brant (Mohawk),  Red Jacket (Seneca),  John Logan (Cayuga), Stigwanish (Seneca),

'Handsome Lake' of W. Pennsylvania (Seneca), and Mohawk Solomon (Caughnewaga-



                                                                     Mohawk Valley Fine Arts in winter.


Moreover,  the British Superintendence of the Irish-born (& Mohawk-adopted) Sir William

Johnson, his ardent efforts to protect Iroquois lands, and his eventual political influence over

"all lands north of the Ohio [River]" -- are also highlighted in Donnelly's Gallery.



         The Beautiful "O-hee-yo" (Ohio) River                      


The Artist's literary works relative to the Ohio Moundbuilding Culture, including his

Proposition Advancing an Interpretation which set forth a plausible link between the

Great Serpent Mound and the Ojibwa Nation (1996, 1999, forwarded to the Ohio

Historical  Society ), his exhaustive interpretations of the petroglyphs of Kelley's Island, 

and his comprehensive overview of "Prehistoric Ohio"-- are a part of what he considers his

"weighty" works.


     The 'Great Serpent Mound' of Adam's County, Ohio.                                                     Artist's Summer Tour of 1996.


It is the literature & artwork (Opus I-XV) associated with this Moundbuilders' theme (as

presented in his Snakes, Eggs & Seals: An Artist's View of Ohio's Great Mysteries,

 An Archaeological Synopsis of the Ojibwa 'Genesis') that best exemplifies his efforts. 


 The book and paintings are the product of fourteen years of literary & artistic labor.

"Unlike my 'study pieces,' historical-narrative art, and more playful folk-art -- Opus I-XV are

wholly rooted in my own interpretive analysis as based on personal observation. This type

of "fine" art is a once-in-a-lifetime,  monumental achievement.  In fact, I am pleased that the

archaeological community has begun to entertain the 'Ojibwa Connection," and that certain

well-established authors have requested permission to cite my Snakes, Eggs & Seals (1999, 

rev. ed. 2000-2009) in their own erudite publications" confides Donnelly.



                                        (c) 1999 Joseph E. Donnelly All Rights Reserved. No image nor portion thereof shall be reproduced in

                                        any manner for any reason without the expressed written permission of the Artist/ Author.

                                      Opus- I.   "Visual Interpretation of Serpent Mound"  by Joseph E. Donnelly.

Donnelly's literary and artistic works relative to these early Ohioan cultures; the influx of the

Delaware (Lenni Lenape) Nation; local history relative to the so-called 'Deerfield

Massacre'; his own book of poetry; spiritual reflections on Quaker & Native theology; and

his inspiring philosophical work Ohio Woodland Theophany (2002) are also central to his

Ohioana "art center."   


Artist Joseph Donnelly's own "local history block prints," sculpture, and free-

hand map of all the major NE Ohio Native Towns & Trails are of

increasing interest to many of his fellow Ohioans.


"It has been of especial concern to me," states Donnelly, "that Ohio's rich Native

mores have gone far too long unappreciated. Aside from a few waterways, the

historical Native presence in Ohio has been almost altogether erased.



                                            The "Cuyahoga" River, ...a Mohawk word meaning "crooked."


"By my works of art, and my long-running respect for Native "Ohio" culture-- I have

hoped to help restore, in measure, an appreciation for the Native presence.    


"Moreover,  Sir William Johnson's Irish-Iroquois, Catholic-Protestant

(Mohawk) 'Utopia'; and William Penn's 'Holy Experiment' are of especial

interest to me personally, i.e., they were notable early attempts at mutual-

respect and multi-culturalism.


"Such ties of 'cultural friendship' would be seen a century later when the

Quakers shipped Native maize (donated by the Choctaw) across the

Atlantic from America-- to feed the thousands of starving Irish during the

infamous, 'free-market'-induced Potato Famine. "       



                                                    "The Rudiments of an American Thanksgiving." 

                                                                        (photo by J.E.Donnelly)

                                                   (c)2010 Joseph E. Donnelly. All Rights Reserved.


* More frienship in the world [e.g., as evidenced between Sir William Johnson, the American Natives & the Irish

farmers of  "Johnstown," New York (where Johnson established a "free-school" for white & Native children alike);

and, likewise, between the Quakers, the Choctaw & the oppressed of Erin's shores] may better benefit mankind

than all the ill-gotten wealth and exploitive undertakings so often evidenced among the "kingdoms of men."



See note below FOR HOURS & LOCATION...


                                        Please Read on... MUCH MORE below--

                                                                          An Overview of Mohawk Valley Fine Arts...




                                         (c) 1998 Joseph E. Donnelly. All Rights Reserved. No image or portion thereof shall be reproduced in any manner

                                          for any reason wirhout the written expressed permission of the Artist.

                                          "The Departure: 1832"         by Joseph E. Donnelly

                                           (Visit MVFA to learn how this Western couple has an unusual tie to

                                           the "Ohio" theme at the Studio-Gallery.)


                                                     --cf., Index at "Contact Us" for directional maps.


                                                                            (and Much, Much More)

               Handcrafted "minor" sculpting work from the studio... ("Ohio Iroquois Hunter")



                                             ... gift card & wall hanging handcrafted at M.V.F.A.   (See the Selection.)


                           Gallery Hours: As of July 2012, MVFA has re-opened.

                                      Friday & Saturdays: 10am-7pm.

                    [In order for the Artist to have directed his undivided attention

                   toward "fine works," the Studio has been closed, but has now

                    re-opened to the public. Your visits are welcome.] 


                    ON-LINE STORE: See

                     (MVFA Publishing/ See Menu for "store.") 

                     Also see Studio site at








                                                                          Mohawks in Ohio

                                                       "Joseph Brant [Mohawk Chief]... came

                                         [into Ohio] with a considerable force [of

                                         Mohawk warriors,et al.].... The combination

                                         of these forces gave Brant one of the largest

                                         Indian armies ever seen in Ohio. It presented

                                         a terrifying as well as an imposing spectacle."

                                                        -- The Indian Tribes of Ohio,

                                                        Ohio Archaeological & Historical

                                                        Society, p.71.


                                                     "Sometime in February, we...encamped in a large

                                        bottom, on the head waters of Big Beaver Creek 

                                        [ Meander Creek: Mahoning Watershed].... Shortly,

                                        after we came to this place [ near Gault Rd of Ellsworth,

                                        toward Meander Reservoir], the squaws [sic] began to make

                                        sugar.  About the time we were done ...a squaw [sic] raised an

                                        alarm. She said she saw two men with guns...upon the

                                        banks of the other side of the creek, spying our tents

                                        [wigwams] --they were supposed to be Johnston's [sic:

                                        Johnson's] Mohawks."

                                                                     --An Account of the Captive James

                                                                     Smith ("Scoouwa") as he travelled with

                                                                     his Ohio band of Caughnewaga (French

                                                                     Mohawk), in An Account of the Remarkable

                                                                     Occurrences in the Life and Travels of Col.

                                                                     James Smith, 1799. (emphasis mine)

                                   On "Making Sugar"...                         


                                                        (c) 2002 Joseph E. Donnelly. All Rights Reserved. No image nor portion

                                                        thereof shall be reproduced from this website in any manner or for any reason

                                                        without the expressed written permission of the Artist/ Author.

                                                          Maple Sugaring in Ohio: A Native skill.

                                                           (a section of the drawing)   by Joseph E.Donnelly                                                              



                                                     "In 1806 there was an encampment of seven Mohawk

                                        Indians in Deerfield [Ohio], with whom a serious difficulty


                                                            --Henry Howe, "Portage County," Historical

                                                           Collections of Ohio, Vol. II. 1888.(emphasis



                                                                                     (c) 2004 Joseph E. Donnelly All Rights Reserved.

                                                                                  John Mohawk at Deerfield, Ohio,  1806.  by Joseph E. Donnelly. 

                                                                                  (portrait rendering/ in traditional garb, warrior hairstyle with old-style

                                                                                 Iroquois-silversmithed earring & nosering ornaments; medallion w/ ribbon)


                                        "...the remnant of Logan's tribe [of Ohio]... says Mr. Brish

                                       [Henry C. Brish, Ohio Indian Agent] in a communication to

                                       us: 'I cannot to this day surmise why they were called Senecas.

                                       I never found a Seneca among them. They were Cuyugas-- who

                                       were Mingoes-- among whom were a few Oneida, Mohawks,

                                       Onondagoes, Tuscarawas and Wyandots.' "-- Ibid, "Seneca County,"

                                       Vol.II. 1888. (emphasis mine).


                                                   "I went to Beaver Creek [Mahoning-Beaver], an Indian Town

                                       [Beaver-Town, Pennsylvania] about eight miles off, chiefly

                                       Delaware, the rest Mohocks [sic: Mohawks], to have some

                                       belt of wampum made."

                                                                    -- Conrad Weiser, The Journal of Conrad

                                                                    Weiser, Esqr., Indian Interpreter, To the

                                                                    Ohio, 1748. (emphasis mine)



                                       "Set up the Union Flagg [sic] on a long pole... they expressed

                                       their good Wishes to King George & all his Brethren of the

                                       English. This Day I desir'd the Deputies of all Nations of Indian

                                       People... on the Waters of Ohio to give me a List of their fighting

                                       Men.... The following is the number... Mohawks 74....

                                                                   -- Conrad Weiser at Logstown, Pennsylvania.

                                                                        Ibid., 1748. (emphasis mine) 


                                                    "Youngstown was once the home of... Chief Kongghteath

                                       of the Mohawks.... a letter which the Indian Monarch

                                       received from the United States Department of Interior [1878].

                                                             -- John C. Melnick, M.D., The Green Cathedral, 1976.

                                                                              (emphasis mine)






                                                                                             Artist taking aim



                                    WILDLIFE ART & BOTANICALS

                         ...are local to the immediate Berlin & Milton Lakes: FLORA & FAUNA of

                         Berlin Township, entirely by Joseph E. Donnelly (with exhibits since 1996).



                                                    Early Wildlife in Frontier Ohio


                               "The buffalo disappeared [fromOhio] about a century ago [circa., 1774].

                               The elk stayed here until about 1814."

                               "...west of Rocky River [NE Ohio]... there were a great many elk in

                               that township.... They run in herds."



                              (c)1999 Joseph E. Donnelly. All Rights Reserved. See Note Above.

                                                                "Erie Nation of the Cat"                             by Joseph E. Donnelly

                                                                             [See "'Woodcut' Block Prints in the Menu-Index.]

                              "The panther [mountain lion; puma]... in Boston [Ohio], town [-ship] 3,

                              in the 11th range [of the 'Western Reserve']...."

                                                      -- Christian Cackler, "Descriptions of [Ohio] Animals &c.,"

                                                          Recollections of an Old Settler, 1874. pp.5-6. (emphasis


                               "The early settlers were greatly troubled with wolves who committed

                               depredations upon the stock."  -- Henry Howe, "Noble County,"

                                                                              Historical Collections, 1888, p.350.

                                                                              (emphasis mine).

                               "The next morning I went out... and saw deer frequently.... I then

                               proceeded...and...came upon fresh buffaloe tracks, -- I pursued after,

                               and in a short time came in sight of them, as they were passing through a

                               small glade....I...killed a very large cow [bison]... made haste.. packed up

                               what meat I could carry, secured what I had left from the wolves...."

                                                                                                      --The Captive James Smith ("Scoouwa"),

                                                                                on his travels with the Caughnewaga of

                                                                                Ohio, near Columbus, Ohio, An Account,

                                                                                1799  (emphasis mine).



                                     (c) 2001 Joseph E. Donnelly. All Rights Reserved. No image nor portion thereof shall

                                                be reproduced in any manner for any reason without the expressed written permission of

                                               the Artist. The above is also applicable to all artwork & literature appearing upon this 

                                               website and all pages thereon.

                                               Iroquois Fishing upon the Mahoning.         by Joseph E. Donnelly.                     


                               "...[we] were the chief [part] of that day engaged in killing rock-fish

                              [large-mouth black bass], insomuch that we had more than we could

                              preserve. As we had no salt, or any way to keep them, they lay upon the

                              banks, and after some time great numbers of turkey-buzzards and eagles

                              collected together and devoured them.

                                                                            -- The Captive James Smith near Sandusky,

                                                                                Ohio., Ibid.,1799  (emphasis mine).

                              "This [Ohio] used to be one of the greatest... for game. There were the Elk,

                              Deer, Bear, Wolf, Panther, Wild Cat, Otter, Beaver, Wollynigs

                              [Wolverine], Porcupine, Raccoon... Swans, Geese, Ducks, Turkeys,

                              Bald Eagles, Gray Eagles [Osprey?], Buzzards, Crows, Owls... small birds

                              with their sweet song."               -- Christian Cackler, Ibid., 1874, p.4.

                                                                                      (emphasis mine).



                                                                           (c)1999 Joseph E. Donnelly. All Rights Reserved.

                                                         Male American Goldfinch, Berlin Township (Mahoning Co.,OH)

                                                                                                                                      by Joseph E. Donnelly, 1999.

                                                                                                            [See "Flora & Fauna" in the Menu-Index.]


                                        "...killed a number of Turkeys, geese, ducks, and swans."

                                                                                  -- The Captive James Smith, near Sandusky,

                                                                                       Ohio,  Ibid., 1799 (emphasis mine).

                              "One day as I was looking after my traps, I got benighted, by beaver ponds...."

                                                                                 -- The Captive James Smith, in Columbiana,

                                                                                     County, Ohio, Ibid., 1799 (emphasis mine). 



                                                                 "Ohio Bison: 1700's"             MVFA "Youth Mentoring Program"

                                         "The hunters hid the canoes... at the edge of the water... they silently

                               followed the trail to the salt springs... made by buffalo, deer, and small

                               animals on their way to the salt. Such a trail was called a 'trace.' "

                                                                                --George Crout & Edith McCall

                                                                                  (Historical Consultant: James H. 

                                                                                  Radabaugh, Ph.D., Ohio State Museum),  

                                                                                   "Indian Hunters in the Valley,"

                                                                                   Where the Ohio Flows, 1960.

                                                                                   (emphasis mine).

                                      [Note: For a really quality canoe, see or

                                        for a more traditional style canoe, 

                                       Also, for basic canoe paddling skills (& "Indian method") see

                               ; click on "techniques" & then under

                                       subtitle "Guide", click on "paddling skills." This site has plenty of

                                       helpful suggestions. ]



                                                             NOTE:  Historic Re-enactors, ...See "Blackhawks" on

                                                            Menu-Index  for Social Site.  ( Also a Social Site for Rendevous Associates,

                                                            Canoeists, Primitive Camperscontemporary "Mohawk-ers" of a

                                                            more "classic" Native-style leaning, e.g., skateboarders, trick/dirt-bikers,

                                                             etc.)  Powwow Participants are encouraged to visit "Powwow Portraits"

                                                             for a Social Site.   (Photos welcome of non-ceremonial activity.)                       


                               "In a tamarack and cranberry swamp in this vicinity (Canfield-Poland,Ohio)

                               'are found large numbers of a small black or very dark brown rattlesnake,

                               about twelve or fourteen inches in length.... They have usually three or four

                               rattles...they are much dreaded by the neighboring people.' "

                                                                                --Henry Howe, "Old Edition," in

                                                                                   "Mahoning County," Collections,

                                                                                   Vol. II., 1888 (emphasis mine).


                               "Occasional sightings of bears indicate that they may be ready to move back

                               to their old range. Sadly, some species such as elk and wolf have been

                               eradicated."                             -- The Cuyahoga River, Ohio (USA),

                                                                                   BBC Report, 2010. (emphasis mine)


                               "...on his [an Indian from Marietta, Ohio] way home from a hunting trip...

                               had shot a buffalo-ox [male bison]... of which there are many hearouts

                               [hereabouts].                          --Moravian Missionary John Heckewelder,



                                        (c)2004 Joseph E. Donnelly All Rights Reserved.

                                 "A Collection of Artifacts"  by Joseph E. Donnelly, colored pencil.


                                                 Handcarved Block yields hand-inked, hand-pulled art at MVFA!


                                                                                        (c)1999 Joseph E. Donnelly. All Rights Reserved.

                                          "Pet Baby Buffalo, at the Tuscarawas-River Moravian Village."   by Joseph E. Donnelly

                                                                                  [See "'Woodcut' Block Prints" in Menu-Index]

                              "The Tuscarawas River was called Elk-Eye Creek by the Indians. Diary accounts

                              of travel from Sandusky to Pittsburg reveal that, within 40 miles of the study area,

                              deer (Odocoileus virginianus), bear (Ursus americanus), elk (Carvus candensis),

                              and beaver (Castor canadensis) were taken.... The buffalo (Bison bison) had

                              disappeared prior to 1800, as had the elk. The Panther (Felis concolor) were

                              seen around 1800. Bears abounded as late as 1845.... Wild turkey (Meleagris

                              gallopavo) were abundant.... wolves (Canis lupus)...were in great abundance."

                                                                             -- Robert H. Giles, Jr., Ph.D.

                                                                                "Early Natural History of a Forested Area

                                                                                Near Dover, Ohio."

                                                                                The Ohio Journal of Science, Vol. 66, 1966.

                                                                                (Ohio Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit,

                                                                                 Columbus, Ohio).  [emphasis mine]



                                                                      " more our canoe upon Mahoning."


     See below for Hours & Times


                  LOCAL NATIVE HISTORY     

                                                           ART NATURE CENTER    

                                                                                                   EARLY-OHIO ART STUDIO 


               Visitors are Welcome!


              Mohawk Valley Fine Arts: "From Colonial New York to Frontier Ohio!"  


(--howbeit presented in a family-friendly manner and filled with  unique "extras"  for both young and old.)    

               Note:   Various "unsigned" works & sundry projects of the MVFA studio are often available

                      as fundraisers for the on-going operation of the Gallery-Museum.


                                                      Local Flora from the Immediate Area in Art...   e.g.:


                                                                         (c) 2002 Joseph E. Donnelly. All Rights Reserved.

                                                                                "Dogwood Along the Mahoning"

                                                                       by Joseph E. Donnelly (in oil).



                                Wildlife of Ohio!                Local Flora & Fauna!               Area Botanicals!

                                                  -- All   ARTWORK  of  Artist Joseph E. Donnelly.


                                        Holiday Events Anticipated by...


                European-Style Advent Calendar celebrating the American "Thanksgiving"--

                 all original folk art of Mahoning County's "Turkey-Broth Creek";  hand-cut at

                M.V.F.A.                      ...See on-line Store for this and more!

                              VISIT THE ON-LINE STORE.

                                  (Consult "Making a Purchase" in the Menu Index.)



                                                                                              MVFA ...

                                                                                     moving forward

                                                                                   where others can only



                                                 Wild Turkey in flight, drawn as sighted along Berlin Station Rd,

                                                               Berlin Township of Mahoning County, Ohio.



                                                                         Ohio Native History in Art!

                                                                    (Hear the "other side" of the story.)


                                           "The Coming of the White-Man: The Yankee Enters the

                                 'Western Reserve' of Connecticut (NE Ohio, 'O-hee-yo')"

                                  by Joseph E. Donnelly.        (Note: All Artwork on this website is                 

                                             copyrighted material. (c) 2000 Joseph E. Donnelly. All Rights

                                             Reserved. No work or portion thereof is to be reproduced by any means

                                             for  any purpose without the expressed written permission of the artist.)


                                                             Note on M.V.F.A.'s rustic environs below.


                                                                                 see below for more...

  Please Remember that although MOHAWK VALLEY FINE ARTS may be located in a very rural area, surrounded by some of the most rustic "elements" that Ohio affords-- it is no mere "Craft Addition" to a Farm Market (as is the manner of some); nor  "a Rain-Dance Side-show" to augment the commercial sale of fresh produce (e.g., peaches,  blueberries,  greenbeans).

        It is, however,  a Unique ART CENTER interweaving real Art & true Local History.

                 MOHAWK VALLEY FINE ARTS since 1999 (with early exhibits since 1996.)


               And as for critics...

                          "Doers do what Sitters Thought, as Horses Jump where Cows cannot."

                                                                                          -- J.E.Donnelly, Ohio Home Digest, 1999.



                        Ben Franklin once complained of a critic who would visit his print shop & criticize

                        his work.  The man, it seemed, attempted to discourage the young Franklin from

                        all his enterprises.  ( Luckily,  Ole' Ben  never paid him much attention. ) 


                                                                               MVFA  obviating the claims

                                                                                    of all critics & preserving

                                                                                  a "wee bit" of Early Ohio.


                                     Ohio History... through hand-carved, hand-inked, hand-pulled work...


                                    M.V.F.A.'s  Rolled-Print  "Wood-Cut"  from a hand-carved block

                                      by Artist Joseph E. Donnelly.  This work is matted & framed by the

                                    Artist; signed & numbered, certified & documented.  Each one original in its

                                    own right.     (The Wyandot were among the last to leave Ohio.  

                                     Gov. Lucas-- an Andrew Jackson supporter--had made arrangements

                                   for all Native Peoples to leave Ohio under the promise that Oklahoma would

                                   become a "Native State"-- protected under the U.S. Constitution and

                                   afforded Congressional Representation.  Of course, this never came about.) 


                                  During M.V.F.A.'s Ohio Bicentennial Event (which the local Township

                                 perceived as a threat to the "common good" and competition to the "official"

                                 events organized by the volunteer fire department),  the young "foster-kid"

                                 Johnathon R.--a Cherokee-Lad--  read the actual words of the Wyandot

                                  (expressed to an Upper Sandusky  Methodist minister) when they left their...

           ...   beloved "Ohio" homeland.                                      

    "Beautiful 'Ohio': Was it someone's homeland? According to the 'White-Man,' it was not.

                                                                                                                                          "...taking the reins": Bill W. & Dana H.



           Johnathon R., reading the Wyandot

            "Farewell" Lament to the assembled

            audience (at M.V.F.A.), Berlin Ctr.,



                                                                                                Dana, bearing her basket of woodland "fruits".



The waters of the Great "Mahoning" River eventually lead to the Beautiful "Ohio."

 But where is the Ohio Native?  His bark canoe, gliding upon the water? His hunting of

deer within the Ohio Woods?    According to some "White-Men"-- he was never here.  

 (...And the 'White-Men' had no choice but to usurp it, ...of course.)



                                                    "...these, having not the law, are a law

                                                                       unto themselves: which shew [sic] the

                                                                        work of the law written in their hearts...."

                                                                                --   St. Paul,  Epistle to the Romans II: xiii-xv.




                                Moravian Mission (reconstructed) at Gnadenhutten, Ohio --  the site where 96 Native

                              Christian-pacifist men women & children were  massacred by the Pennsylvania

                              Militia as scapegoats for a failed campaign. (Missionaries John Heckewelder & David

                             Zeisberger lamented that their beloved  "converts to the faith" were brutally slain by

                             so-called "Christians." Note: Some of the militia soldiers refused to participate, throwing

                              down their guns in protest, ie., objecting to the slaying of the innocent. Unfortunately, these

                              were not the men of rank. When the militia returned home, they were hailed by the

                              politicians as heroes for "a successful campaign against the Indians." )


                                   Moravian Missionary John Heckewelder returned to the site, gathered the remains of

                               his nonresistent, pacifist converts, and placed them in a mass grave. This marker is at the

                               actual site-- Gnadenhutten, Ohio, Cemetary.  [ This location is on the NE OH Native Town &

                              Trail Map. See Menu-Index.]


                            ...and as for religious matters, in general...



                                             (c)1999 Joseph E. Donnelly. All Rights Reserved. See previous notes.

                                               "Moravia & America"                                by Joseph E. Donnelly

                                                       [See "'Woodcut Block Prints in the Menu-Index.]


                                           Obviating the local objections of...

                                               the "one-steeple"-minded coterie &

                                                       Re-affirming Charitable Thought:*


                                                a)     "We [the 'Indians'] were lawless [without legal

                                                       code; doctrine],  but were on pretty good terms with the

                                                       Great Spirit, Creator & Ruler of All.  I think we have

                                                       a True [experiential] Belief in the Supreme Being. A stronger

                                                       faith than that of most Whites who have called us

                                                       pagans."                             --Walking Buffalo

                                               b)      "They [ the 'Indians'] appeared to be fulfilling

                                                       the Scriptures beyond those who profess to believe

                                                       them, in that of  'taking no thought of tomorrow'; also

                                                       in love, peace and friendship together. In this respect,

                                                       they shame those who profess Christianity."

                                                                                                    -- Col. James Smith, Ohio, 1799.


                                                c)   "The Humble, Meek, Merciful, Just, Pious and Devout Souls,

                                                      are everywhere of one Religion; and when Death has taken off

                                                      the Mask,  they will know one another, tho' the divers Liveries

                                                      they wear here make them Strangers."   --William Penn, Quaker

                                                                                                            Founder of Pennsylvania, 1600's. 



                                                                                            (c)1999 Joseph E. Donnelly. All Rights Reserved.

                                                                                               "Wolf Shepherd" block-print from a carving

                                                                                                                 by MVFA Artist Joseph E. Donnelly.


                                               d)   With respect to the "White-Man's" carnal enforcement of Religion (which

                                                    Rhode Island's Governor Roger Williams disdainfully described as "a stench

                                                    in the nostrils of God," and who rebuffed the King of England and all his

                                                    colonial landholders for committing "a national Sin" against the Indian for

                                                    stealing Land without just compensation), William Penn reminds nominal

                                                    "Christians" of the following:

                                                                "To be Unnatural [irreligious; uncharitable] in Defense of Grace, is

                                                     a Contradiction.

                                                                "Hardly anything looks worse, than to defend Religion by ways that

                                                    shew [sic.: show] it has no Credit with us. 

                                                              "...To be Furious in Religion, is to be Irreligiously Religious.

                                                              "... It were better to be of no Church than to be bitter [hateful] for

                                                    [over] any....

                                                             "They must first judge themselves, that presume to censure others."         

                                                                                                                                                        --"Fruits of Solitude,"



                                               e)  "[After having had a prayer meeting among the Indians, among whom

                                                       the Quaker John Woolman found occasion to speak  tenderly 'with the

                                                       spirit of prayer'] Papunehang [Chief] said in substance [as interpreted: the

                                                      Chief unfamiliar with the English language] as follows: 'I love to feel where

                                                      words come from.'"

                                                      "When the... meeting was ended, it being night, Papunehang went to bed;

                                                      and hearing him speak with an harmonious voice, I suppose for a minute or

                                                      two,  I asked the interpreter, who told me he was expressing his thankfulness

                                                      to God for the favors he had received that day...."

                                                      "...he ...appeared kind and loving to us."   

                                                                                                                  -- John Woolman, Journal, (1763) 1774   



                                                   (c)2002 Joseph E. Donnelly All Rights Reserved.

                                                     Moravian "Liebesmahl" 1770's                Schoenbrunn, Ohio

                                                                                                        This is the central section of a folk painting by Joseph E. Donnelly,

                                                                                                               depicting David Zeisberger greeting Chief 'White-Eyes.'

                                                                                                                          (See "Ohio Thanksgivings" in the Menu-Index.)



                                               f)   As to tenderness of heart and warmth of hospitality [in contrast to many of

                                                    the 'White-Man's" congregations of faith],  Connecticut Missionary David

                                                    Brainerd testifies:

                                                              " August 6. In the morning I discoursed to the Indians at

                                                    the house where we lodged. Many of them were then much affected and 

                                                    appeared suprisingly tender, so that a few words about their souls'

                                                    concerns would cause the [their] tears to flow.... I insisted on I John 4:10,

                                                    'Herein is love.' They seemed eager of hearing; but there appeared nothing

                                                    very remarkable, except their attention, till near the close of my discourse.

                                                    Then divine truths were attended with a surprising influence, and

                                                    produced  a great concern among them. There were scarce three in forty that 

                                                    could refrain from tears...the arm of the Lord was powerfully and

                                                    marvelously [present]...."          --- Missionary David Brainerd,

                                                                                                               The Life and Diary,  1745. 

                                              g)           "If an European comes to see them, or calls for Lodging at their House or

                                                     Wigwam[,]  they give him the best place and first cut. If they come to visit us, 

                                                      they salute us with an Itah which is as much as to say, [']Good be to

                                                      you [']....  They care for little because they want but little; and the Reason is

                                                      that a little contents them: In this they [have a spiritual advantage over]"

                                                             "...they say, There is a great King ["Lord"; God] that made them, who

                                                      dwells in a glorious Country ["heaven"] to the Southward [warmer regions:

                                                      "paradise"] of them, and that the Souls of the good shall go thither, where they

                                                      shall live again [resurrection]."


                                                                   (c)1999 Joseph E. Donnelly. All Rights Reserved.

                                                         "Saint Kateri Tekawitha of the Mohawks: A Resurrection"

                                                                                                                                      by Joseph E. Donnelly  

                                                                     [See "'Woodcut' Block Prints in Menu-Index.]     

                                                             "If they dye [sic: die], they bury them... and the nearest of Kin fling in 

                                                     something precious with them, as a token of their Love: Their Mourning is

                                                     blackening of their faces, which they continue for a year; They are choice of

                                                     [careful for] the Graves of their Dead; for least [sic] they should be lost by time

                                                     and fall to common use, they pick off the Grass upon them, and heap up the

                                                     fallen Earth with great care and exactness."

                                                                                                             --William Penn, Quaker Founder of

                                                                                                                Pennsylvania, Letter to the Committee, 1683.



                                                For additional thoughts on this Subject.... See Artist's

                                                                  soon-to-be-released Booklets & Anthology!


                          * Local individuals critical of the work Ohio Woodland Theophany, who appear to

                                    calumniate it as "false pagan doctrine," should be reminded that it is a literary (philosophical)

                                    work-- not a treatise on Christian theology.  Moreover, those who are forever promulgating the

                                    virtues of the 'White Race' (evidencing little tolerance for an understanding of other races)

                                    would do well to reflect upon the words of Holy Scripture that state that "God is no respector

                                    of persons." (Skewing elections, awarding contracts to relatives, accepting bribes, hiring 'thugs' to

                                    physically harm political opposition, burning crosses on peoples' lawns and driving minorities from the local

                                    schools-- none such behavior is to be considered a virtue IN ANY RELIGION.)



                                                    ...political/ social cartoons coming soon.

                                                                             See below for details.




                                                  No mere Blueberry Farm... No mere Peach Orchard...

                                                               nor an emporium for Green Beans...


                                                         MOHAWK VALLEY FINE ARTS is the

                                                                working Studio (Gallery & Museum of Art)

                                                                                    of Joseph E. Donnelly.



                                                                 MVFA: not State nor Federally funded.

                                                                       It's simply the result of honest labor.

                                                                              (viz., by Joseph E. Donnelly)


                                                                                    New Items Coming Soon!

                                                                    Additional exhibits of Historical Folk Art.



                                                                              John Mohawk of Portage County (Ohio),

                                                                                    rendering by Joseph E. Donnelly


                                                    In 1997, I was told by a local business person who

                                                    majored in psychology that by having a "mohawk"

                                                    I was suffering from a personality disorder--

                                                    an identity crisis.


                                                    In 2010, it appears the "mohawk" haircut (or "mohican")

                                                    has become quite popular. (I suppose all these individuals are

                                                    afflicted by the same malady.)


                                                         In the 18th century, the British folk must have

                                                        suffered the same,  for it has been observed that

                                                       they too were fond of this Native "style":

                                                                     "King George III granted him [Mohawk Chief

                                                                     Joseph Brant] an audience... the Prince of Wales

                                                                     took him [Brant] out for a night on the town.

                                                                     So great was Brant's celebrity that London

                                                                     street gangs [in 1776] began shaving their heads

                                                                     into spiky mohawk topknots [haircuts]...."

                                                                                                -- Through Indian Eyes, p. 145 


                                                         For  additional thoughts on mohawk or mohican style, see

                                                        Artist's comments on Fair City News report on Cherokee Middle School's

                                                       "Mohawks for Middle Schoolers" program. According to participant Paulie G.,

                                                        it raised his math & english scores. More officially, according to Principal

                                                        Lars Villmat, middle-school scores increased by 12%! (Balch Springs, TX, & Parma,

                                                        OH-- both notorious for suspending kindergarteners-- should take note.)  

                                                                        See fair city news for details (Aug 17, 2009/ Educ. or search

                                                                                         "Mohawks for Middle Schoolers") 

                                                Stay tuned for...


                                          A Supplemental website linked by the Artist to this one,

                                                hosting Local & National Political Cartoons,

                                                               Social Cartoons & "Youth-Punk-Mohawk"

                                                                         Contemporary Cartoons-- all, by

                                                                                  Artist Joseph E. Donnelly.


                                                                                                 coming soon to a "tipi" near you!


                              A Field Excusion...















                               "In Search of the Berlin 'Big-Foot' (aka.,"Bear-Man")...




                                                           Don't forget to check out the "Berlin Big-Foot" Centre, reflecting

                                                            Iroquois "Bear-Man" Legends, the observations of Early Ohioan Settlers

                                                                                  and contemporary local folk.. all at M.V.F.A.!


                                                                                                    See the Index for details. 


                                                              n.b.: See  for a summary of such matters.

                                                              See "Sightings."  [North American Big Foot Search of California].


                                                              Also, Local Big-Foot Sightings on this website under "Big-Foot" Sightings

                                                                                 (Nia'`gwahe: nicknamed "Mohawk Bigfoot")





                                COME VISIT....


                                                      "The Thanksgiving Capital of Ohio" at...



                                              The Welcome Sign that Greets Visitors to Mohawk Valley Fine Arts.


                                 (Mohawk Valley Fine Arts: since 1999, with exhibits since 1996.)


Gallery Hours (as of July 2012):   FRIDAY & SATURDAYS 10am-7pm.

[The Gallery-Museum-Shoppe has re-opened & welcomes your visits. Previously, it had closed to allow the Artist to focus his attention on "fine works" of Art. We thank You for your Patronage & continued support. MVFA receives no State nor Federal funding for its operations.]


The Art Center is located in Berlin Center, Ohio, on the NW corner of State Routes 224 & 534 – only three miles east of Berlin Reservoir, fifteen miles west of Boardman, Ohio .


                                                   By the way... don't neglect to consider...a one-of-kind,

                                                                               all-original item found only at M.V.F.A.:


                                                                Mohawk Valley Fine Arts:


                                  * Handmade, Hand-cut, Folk-Holiday Advent Calendars

                                                            all original to M.V.F.A.


                                    * A Map of NE Ohio: Native Towns & Trails-- all original

                                               to M.V.F.A. by Joseph E. Donnelly


                                       * Be inspired!    Read "Ohio Woodland Theophany"

                                                               by Joseph E. Donnelly

                             *  Located in the "Western Reserve of Connecticut"

                                                                         in Ohio

                                        * Handcrafted Greeting Cards with Prints

                                                        also available...

                        * "Mahoning River Psalm" by J.E.Donnelly-- a must

                                       for every home in Ohio!.



     The "Mahoning" River-- between Berlin & Milton Reservoirs.               The word "mahoning" is from the

                                                                              Lenni Lenape (Delaware) Nation, meaning, "place of the salt licks."



              Attention Fishermen at Berlin-Milton Lakes: 

                                                 ... there's a "King" among you:  


                            (c)1999 Joseph E. Donnelly. All Rights Reserved.                              

                                              Portrait of a Kingfisher: "Mill Creek" area, Bedell Rd.

                                              Berlin Twp. Mahoning County, Ohio.   by Joseph E. Donnelly.

                                   [See "Flora & Fauna" page of the Menu-Index for this

                                                                "mohawk-crested" bird.]


        Visitors Are Welcome!

To sign up and receive news and information, please email

Mohawk Valley Fine Arts
is the PERSONAL ART STUDIO/GALLERY of Joseph E. Donnelly.
[The Artist presents his gallery in a "Family-friendly" manner, however.]



LEARN MORE of... Tecumseh, John Logan, Blue-Jacket, Pontiac, Cornstalk, Handsome Lake,

Mohawk Solomon, White Eyes, Chief Beaver, Tenskwatawa, Killbuck, Black Hoof, Joseph Brant, Little Turtle,

Tahre the Crane, Mohican John, Old Britain, Buckhongahalas, et al. -- All from OHIO! 

   .To sign up and receive news and information, please email


   .To sign up and receive news and information, please email at

    Also, See Studio Work at and an ON LINE STORE at (See "store" in the MVFA Publishing Index-Menu.)

GALLERY HOURS (as of JULY 2012): Friday & Saturday-- 10am-7pm. 











                                                   "LOG CABIN REFLECTIONS"

                                                                  Subscribe to "The Mohican Digest"

                                                               See Details below....or in Menu-Index.



                                     MOHAWK VALLEY FINE ARTS:

                      A Cultural Endeavor since 1999, with Exhibits since 1996. 



Local Residents: re/ Township Trustees & Berlin Township Fire Department, abuses of the public trust--

               See "Public Notices: Archives"  and "In Praise of Folly: FAQ/ Addendum" for archival material.   

              ( n.b.: additional material & archival "Letters-to-the-Editor" published in local newspapers, e.g.,

               condemning the unfortunate  KKK-like rally held at the local high school, shall also be provided at

              some future date).]



               A Welcome in Cherokee.



                 Whether by Pony, Pony-Express, or the common automobile--

                         be sure to Visit Mohawk Valley Fine Arts!


               Don't forget to check out the Owl "totemic" Statuettes; and other Wildlife Statuettes (viz., River Otter, Beaver, Kit Fox, Turkey Vultures, Snow Buntings, Chickadees, Bison, & "Sasquatch" and so forth -- all hand-sculpted at

                                                         MOHAWK VALLEY FINE ARTS.   


                                                              (See Wildlife Statuettes in the Menu-Index.)




Q: Can I purchase items depicted on this Home Page? and all the other Pages of this Website?

A: YES! Simply Click on "Making A Purchase." Items for sale will be Listed Daily. Use either the "Running Wolf" Method (to which more is being added) OR the "Steady Turtle" Method of Ordering for all MVFA Purchases.  [OR simply click on to the ON-LINE STORE...see below.]                                                                 -- THANK YOU!


 Photo Above:    The "taller totem Garden Pole"-- with Irish Crests.    See Index for "Totemic Garden Poles"



E-Mail Address...  


    To sign up and receive news and information, please email (Note: your e-mail address is kept for MVFA purposes only; no lists are sold or given to any other party for any other reason.)


 Sign Up for THE MOHICAN DIGEST...The Newsletter of Mohawk Valley Fine Arts.

                                                       See Menu-Index for details.


                                    (c) 2007 Joseph E. Donnelly All Rights Reserved.

                                     "I, too, am a subscriber to The Mohican Digest-- & look forward to 

                                                                  each & every issue!"

                                                  [See Menu-Index for newsletter details....]

  [Comments and updates on matters of interest from you--  the studio's patrons-- are warmly welcome.]  


 Located 2 & 1/2 miles east of Berlin Lake.

 MVFA is in the "center" of Berlin Center, Ohio.

 Note: Snakes, Eggs & Seals will be released soon. Learn of Serpent Mound, the Inscription Rock of Kelley's Island, the Leo Petroglyphs, the Alligator Mound, the Newark Earthworks, the North Benton 'Temple Mound of the Effigy' and much much more! (Opus I-XV are also slated for public exhibit at Mohawk Valley Fine Arts.)

Come Visit.  


15716 W. Akron-Canfield Rd.
Berlin Center, Oh 44401
All Content, Images, and Documents Copyright 2009 Mohawk Valley Fine Arts, Joseph Donnelly